Below is an overview of the priority area to support you in giving your feedback, followed by a set of questions related to the information we have provided.

This package of information highlights what government has done so far, and what it intends to do over the coming three years, to ensure that those adults who use family violence are held responsible for their actions and can access the support they need to change their behaviour:

  • Priority area overview summarises what government is doing and shows how perpetrator accountability activities support the achievement of the Family Violence Outcomes Framework (FVOF) as we continue to implement Royal Commission recommendations
  • Achievements since 2016 showcases key achievements during RAP1
  • Rolling action plan 2020 – 2023 sets out the activities government proposes to deliver for this priority over the next three years
  • Coronavirus (COVID-19) impacts reflects on how coronavirus (COVID-19) has impacted perpetrator initiatives
  • Reform principles shows how the three reform principles (Aboriginal self-determination, lived experience and intersectionality) have been considered in planning how perpetrators will be held to account.

To build a web of accountability which ensures the system, community and society work together to stop perpetrators from committing further violence, holds them to account, and supports changes in their behaviour and attitudes.

The accountability web puts a focus on supporting adult and child victim survivors, without placing the burden on them to manage their own safety and the behaviour of perpetrators.

How we are strengthening the web of accountability

The Family Violence Outcomes Framework (FVOF)

The FVOF articulates the government’s vision to end family violence; the four domains reflect the long-term outcomes sought through the collective efforts of the reform. The domains represent the key priorities in preventing and responding to family violence and clarifying what constitutes success.

Activities in this priority area will likely have the greatest impact in achieving outcomes against the following highlighted FVOF domains:

Royal Commission into Family Violence (RCFV)

With more than two-thirds of the Family Violence Royal Commission recommendations now implemented, delivery of activities under this priority over the next three years will continue to support recommendation implementation. Updates will continue to be provided via the website


We have strengthened the perpetrator intervention system:

  • Victoria Police have introduced:
    • enhanced risk assessment and management processes
    • a specialist investigative response
    • ongoing training including delivering a purpose-built Family Violence Centre of Learning.
  • Strengthening the focus on perpetrators as the source of violence:
    • 22 recommendations from the Expert Advisory Committee on Perpetrator Interventions (EACPI) are informing our approach to perpetrator accountability.
  • More resources and more programs to hold perpetrators accountable: 7,500 interventions in 2019 including case management and tailored services for specific cohorts (from 1,000 interventions before introduction of the reform in 2016), for example:
    • implementing the positively evaluated Drummond Street Services’ Living Free from Violence program at the Dame Phyllis Frost Centre
    • continued support for a third residential facility for Dardi Munwurro’s Ngarra Jarranounith Place program, which is a 14-week residential healing and men’s behaviour change program for Aboriginal men.
  • The courts introduced an enhanced mandated program that promotes positive behaviour change and more effectively manages perpetrator risk and victim survivor safety.
  • New programs for male prisoners on building respectful relationships:
    • expanding the Tuning into Respectful Relationships program to seven additional prisons, a culturally inclusive program suitable for remand and short sentence prisoners.
  • Additional case management placements for family violence offenders in the community to help meet demand, especially for those unsuitable for group-based interventions.


We have embedded information sharing and risk coordination:

  • The Central Information Point (CIP) consolidates critical information and provides a comprehensive view of perpetrator risk allowing for targeted safety planning.
  • Risk assessment and management panels (RAMP) input across the service system to engage and manage perpetrator risk and victim survivor safety.
  • The Orange Door workforce includes specialist perpetrator practitioners to assess risk and support perpetrator engagement and intervention planning.


We are building a specialist workforce:

  • Perpetrator service functions (intake, case management, behaviour change and family safety contact) are part of the statewide family violence workforce attraction and recruitment campaign.


We are building an evidence base:

  • Cohort-specific perpetrator trials were recently evaluated by Family Safety Victoria (FSV) and Department of Justice and Community Safety (DJCS). Learnings will be used to expand cohort-specific service offerings and build the capacity of perpetrator responses to diverse cohorts.

Proposed activities

NB: Timeline milestones have been included where applicable; text in panels indicates an ongoing and/or non date specific activity.

Service delivery adaptation, learnings and innovations during coronavirus (COVID-19)

Coronavirus (COVID-19) has impacted service delivery across the family violence reform. The most significant impact for the perpetrator priority has been a shift from face-to-face to remote formats for most perpetrator related services.

NB: This is an interim summary of the impacts, adaptations and innovations which have arisen as a result of coronavirus (COVID-19). These will continue to be monitored and considered as the final RAP2 is developed.

Perpetrator Interventions

  • Perpetrator interventions including men’s behaviour change programs (MBCPs), case management and new interventions as well as Court Mandated MBCPs transitioned to remote delivery, for example video link and telephone.
  • The Department of Health and Human Services Centre for Evaluation and Research are conducting a rapid review of the changes in perpetrator interventions to better understand any innovative practice and broader strategies which have been implemented.
  • A key perpetrator program in Community Corrections is “Change About”. Due to coronavirus (COVID-19), this was delivered via TelePsych forums for offenders with a ‘family violence flag’, to explore distress and coping as well as risk identification and safety planning.
  • Community Corrections is preparing to deliver Advanced Skills Workshops to the Community Correctional Services (CCS) workforce via remote technology on ‘Managing Family Violence in Community Correctional Services’. The workshops will be tailored to include guidance specific to coronavirus (COVID-19).
  • Following the suspension of group-based programs, Corrections Victoria procured one-to-one perpetrator case management support from family violence service providers. It supports delivery of behaviour change intervention to those perpetrators subject to Community Corrections Orders, ensuring victim survivors are being supported during coronavirus (COVID-19) by continuing to keep perpetrators in view.


  • Court funded MBCPs provided bridging support as part of Interim Practice Standards (including telephone and online communications) while in-person groups were suspended.
  • Courts commenced hearing family violence applications remotely, where applicable.
  • Online applications for family violence orders became available statewide via the Magistrates’ Court of Victoria website; applications can still be made in person at local courts and police continue to make applications on behalf of affected family members where applicable.
  • Reduced face-to-face contact has resulted in fewer opportunities for courts staff to refer to other services such as legal assistance.

Victoria Police

  • Regular inter-agency meetings are held to share information about the system impact.
  • Operation Ribbon, targeting high-risk offenders and those at risk, was rolled out in April 2020, including a weekend of action.
  • Community safety messages on social media were made available in 27 languages.

The principles that underpin the reform have influenced the development of our strategy to build a web of accountability.

Lived Experience

  • Strategic engagement is being strengthened at Family Safety Victoria (FSV) to ensure the voices of lived experience and the service system are reflected in policy development and service design.
  • FSV’s governance structure is being reviewed to ensure engagement is efficient and non-duplicative.
  • The voices of victim survivors and perpetrators continue to inform evaluations, research and continuous improvement.
  • People with lived experience (including the Victim Survivors’ Advisory Council) are engaged in the development of the outcomes framework and theory of change for perpetrator accountability.
  • The Orange Door has created a data collection process to better understand and measure peoples’ experience. Feedback will be collected from people who have used violence to understand their experience of The Orange Door entry point.
  • A Client Partnership Strategy has been developed to ensure client voice informs The Orange Door operations.


  • The principles of Everybody Matters: Inclusion and Equity Statement will be progressively applied across perpetrator interventions.
  • Multi Agency Risk Assessment and Management (MARAM) perpetrator guides address intersectionality when responding to perpetrator risks and/or needs.
  • We are building an evidence base of cohort specific trials to inform our expansion of service offerings.
  • The Intersectionality Capacity Building Project and the development of tools and resources continues to embed intersectionality.
  • In line with MARAM, local LGBTIQ community organisations are being supported to recognise and respond to family violence.

Aboriginal Self-Determination

  • Nargneit Birrang Family Violence Holistic Healing Framework (released in December 2019) is an Aboriginal-led, culturally appropriate approach for Aboriginal communities to respond to trauma and promote wellbeing.
  • Cultural safety is advanced through continuous learning and sharing of best practice among practitioners through the establishment of Cultural Safety Communities of Practice.
  • Trials of tailored interventions for people who use violence in Aboriginal communities are complete and may be expanded subject to funding availability.
  • State-wide Aboriginal case management for people who use violence has been established.
  • Partnerships continue within and across Aboriginal organisations and community as set out in Dhelk Dja: Safe Our Way: Safe Culture, Strong People, Strong Families.

Quick exit

TIP: Click on the SUBMIT MY FEEDBACK button to finalise your responses BEFORE providing feedback on another priority

Would you like to read about and provide feedback for another RAP2 priority theme or project?

Perpetrator and people who use violence is one of 10 priority themes and projects for RAP2. If you would like to contribute to the development of our plans for other priority areas please click on the link below to return to the homepage.

Collection notice: The Department of Premier and Cabinet is committed to protecting personal information provided by you in accordance with the Privacy and Data Protection Act 2014. The information you provide will be used to finalise the Victorian Government’s Family Violence Rolling Action Plan 2020 – 2023 (RAP2).

By submitting this survey, you consent to the Department of Premier and Cabinet collecting any personal information which you provide in your responses.

The information you provide may be made available to employees of the Department of Premier and Cabinet and Victorian Government employees or contractors whose duties require them to use it.

Survey responses, other than your personal information, may be published in the final RAP2 if you have provided consent for us to do so, which will be publicly available on the Victorian Government website ( To the extent where you provided your organisation name and asked for it not to be published, this will be removed from any publishing of your survey responses. Efforts will be made to de-identify survey responses, and if this is not practically possible, those survey responses will not be published in the final RAP2.

You are entitled to access and correct your personal information. If you would like to access or correct the information you have provided to the department, please contact us by email at In some cases, requests for personal information may be handled in accordance with the Freedom of Information Act 1982 (Vic).