Across Australia and around the world, governments are grappling with how to waste less and recycle more. It's a big, complicated problem and there's no easy, quick fix.

Recycling Victoria: A new economy is the Victorian Government’s 10-year circular economy policy and action plan to fundamentally transform the state’s recycling sector, reduce waste, create thousands of jobs and set Victoria up for a more sustainable future.

Recycling Victoria will invest more than $300 million in a suite of landmark reforms dedicated to shifting Victoria to a circular economy. This will mean a cleaner, greener Victoria with better recycling, less pollution, more jobs, an even stronger economy.

Thank you to everyone who has contributed their thoughts and ideas on policy options. We all have a part to play – households, business and governments. By working together, we will all benefit.

As part of Recycling Victoria, we will roll out a range of new initiatives. We will change how we make, use, recycle and manage resources. To find out how Recycling Victoria will build a local, sustainable and reliable recycling industry—now and for the future—visit www.vic.gov.au/recycling.


In 2018, the Victorian Government began overhauling its approach to waste and recycling. It made commitments and record investments outlined in the Recycling Industry Strategic Plan, including a commitment to develop a circular economy policy.

In developing this policy, the Victorian Government listened to more than 550 people at 15 public workshops and considered more than 350 submissions on the issues paper—A circular economy for Victoria: creating more value and less waste. We heard from businesses, peak bodies, councils, academic institutions, non-government organisations, community groups and individuals.

Recycling Victoria responds to community feedback with ambitious targets to reduce waste, cut plastic pollution, grow the economy and establish a recycling system Victorians can rely on.

What is a circular economy?

A circular economy continually seeks to reduce the environmental impacts of production and consumption, while enabling economic growth through more productive use of natural resources.

It allows us to avoid waste with good design and effective recovery of materials that can be reused. The value people obtain from the resources used to create goods and services increases.

It transforms our linear economy mindset – take, use and throw away – and fosters innovation and productivity that invigorates existing businesses and creates new ones, delivering more jobs, more growth and more social inclusion to the local, regional, state and global economies.

This is a diagram of how the circular economy works, where we Make, Use, Recycle and Manage materials.