On 4 February 2021 the Change or Suppression (Conversion) Practices Prohibition Bill 2020 was passed by the Victorian Parliament.
The laws put measures into place to protect Victorians from, and respond to, the serious damage and trauma caused by change or suppression practices.
A part of making this possible was Victorians sharing their stories and opinions on Engage Victoria about the impact on survivors, and how best to implement a ban. Your contributions helped shape the legislation and we thank you.
The Bill will come into effect 12 months from the day after Royal Assent, or earlier if proclaimed.
The government committed to bringing in a ban to practices that seek to change or suppress a person’s sexual orientation or gender identity.
Change or suppression practices (also known as conversion practices) are any practices directed at an individual that attempt to change or suppress a person's sexual orientation or gender identity.
These are practices which have no basis in medicine; there is no evidence that sexual orientation or gender identity can be changed. Not only are these practices ineffective, they are deeply harmful and can cause long-term mental health issues and, in the most tragic of cases, suicide.
Change or Suppression (Conversion) Practices Prohibition Bill 2020
The Change or Suppression (Conversion) Practices Prohibition Bill 2020 denounces change or suppressions practices as deceptive and harmful, putting in place new measures to protect LGBT Victorians from the serious damage and trauma caused.
The Bill aims to clearly communicate that change or suppression practices are not tolerated or supported by the Victorian community in any form. It aims to ensure that Victorians are able to live their lives authentically with pride, and makes it clear an individual’s sexual orientation and gender identity are not “broken” and do not need to be “fixed”.
The laws include a civil response scheme established within the Victorian Equal Opportunity and Human Rights Commission (VEOHRC) to support survivors and address the harm they have endured.
The laws empower VEOHRC to consider and respond to reports of change or suppression practices from any person, as well as launch investigations where there is evidence of serious or systemic change or suppression practices.
Responses to reports will be survivor led and trauma informed, focusing on education and facilitation processes. This will ensure that any response meets the needs and wishes of the affected person.
The Bill also introduces new criminal offences, including for people who subject others to change or suppression practices that cause injury or serious injury – with up to ten years’ jail for the latter.
Additionally, a person who takes or arranges to take another person from Victoria for the purpose of subjecting them to change or suppression practices which cause injury could face a jail term of up to two years.
A person who advertises change or suppression practices could incur a maximum fine of nearly $10,000.
The legislation amends section 4 of the Equal Opportunity Act 2010 to update outdated definitions of “gender identity” and “sexual orientation” in line with current usage, and add a new protected attribute of “sex characteristics”, to better protect intersex Victorians from discrimination.
The Bill was informed by feedback from Victorians who had their say on the proposed ban, including survivor organisations, LGBTIQ+ support and advocacy organisations, and religious organisations.
Our consultation - what you told us
During October and November 2019, we asked Victorians to have their say on the proposed ban.
You provided us with plenty of feedback:
- 603 contributions to the Engage Victoria online survey
- 82 written submissions
- 21 face-to-face consultations with survivor organisations, LGBTIQ+ support and advocacy organisations, and religious organisations.
A clear majority of your contributions supported a ban of change or suppression practices.
We heard that it is important to adopt a broad definition to capture the range of practices that seek to change or suppress one’s gender identity and/or sexual orientation, including those practices that sit outside counselling and health services.
Your views on the details of the ban varied. These views were considered in the development of the Bill.
A consultation outcomes report summarising key themes and views is available below. The publishing of the report was delayed due to the impacts of coronavirus (COVID-19). We appreciate your understanding and patience.
Fact sheet in other languages
If this page is upsetting or worrying, you can get help and support by contacting these organisations:
- Australian GLBTIQ Multicultural Council is a national body that advocates for the rights of multicultural and multifaith LGBTIQ individuals and communities and provides referrals to existing services, community groups and agencies.
- Thorne Harbour Health, Victoria’s largest LGBTI health organisation serving the health needs of LGBTIQ communities to ensure all gender, sex, and sexually diverse individuals are treated with dignity and can participate fully in society.
Contact 1800 134 840 or at firstname.lastname@example.org
- Queerspace is an LGBTIQ+ health and wellbeing support service.
Contact 03 9663 6733 or email@example.com
- Rainbow Door is a free specialist LGBTIQA+ helpline providing information, support and referral to all LGBTIQA+ Victorians, their family and friends during the COVID-19 crisis and beyond.
Contact 1800 729 367 or 0480 017 246 (SMS support)
- Switchboard provides peer-driven support services for LGBTIQA+ people, their families, allies and communities from 10am – 6pm.
Contact 1800 729 367 or firstname.lastname@example.org
- QLife provides LGBTI peer support and referral for people wanting to talk about sexuality, identity, gender, bodies, feelings or relationships from 3pm – midnight.
Contact: 1800 184 527
- Lifeline provides 24-hour crisis support and suicide prevention services.
Contact: 13 11 14
- Kids Helpline provides 24-hour counselling service for young people aged 5 to 25 years.
Contact: 1800 551 800 or email@example.com
- MensLine Australia provides 24-hour help, support, referrals and counselling services for men.
Contact: 1300 789 978
- Suicide Call Back Service provides 24-hour counselling for suicide prevention and mental health via telephone, online and video for anyone affected by suicidal thoughts.
Contact: 1300 659 467
- Beyond Blue provides 24-hour information, advice and support for people affected by anxiety, depression and suicide.
Contact: 1300 224 636
- Headspace provides information and support about mental health and wellbeing.
Contact: 1800 650 890
- ReachOut provides information, support and resources about mental health issues for people under 25 years.